People of Wood and Stone: Considering the Context of the Gould Effigy, a Previously Undocumented Anthropomorphic Stone Carving from Lincoln County, New Mexico. By Scott Nicolay, Margaret Berrier, Manuel Dueñas-Garcia and Robert Mark.
Anthropomorphic effigies remain one of the rarest and most poorly understood artifact categories in the Southwest/Northwest, and publications on this topic employ highly inconsistent nomenclature. In 2019, the lead author delivered a large sandstone effigy to the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture in Santa Fe after previously receiving it from Trina Newman, the granddaughter of the late William Harrison Gould. Gould originally found this figure near the Fort Stanton Petroglyph Site (LA 20301) in 1928 and later passed it on to his son, Tom Gould, who in turn gave it to his daughter, which means that both the provenience and a complete chain of custody/provenance exist for this object. Although the Gould effigy has several unique formal attributes, it clearly resembles other anthropomorphic carved effigies of stone and wood from the region, particularly those recovered at Pecos Pueblo. The only major attempt to synthesize data on similar examples is Henry Walt’s unpublished 1978 master’s thesis on the Cliff Valley cache. Herein, we discuss the Gould effigy in the context of its find-site and in relationship to other effigies in order to define an artifact class distinct from related representational categories, such as clay figurines and ceramic effigy vessels.
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