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Date(s) - 01/21/2018 - 03/24/2018
10:30 am - 6:30 pm

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Apaches and Their Horses; Jan. 21, 1pm, Agua Caliente Park, Tucson.

An abbreviated history and historical anecdotes of horses among the Apache. For many they do not become the Apache until the adoption of the horse–which is said to have triggered the raiding adaptation. In this presentation I address this and many other notions about the Apache and their horses. No doubt, horses played a central role in the Apachean world but the horse divide is not as pronounced as thought. I discuss various ways in which horses changed the ancestral Apache lifeway, how horses survived and thrived without European horse culture, how horses shaped warfare and intercultural relations, and how horses were intertwined with family and inter-band relations through horse trading and gambling. Horses were integrated into Apachean lives in many ways, including through the use of horse power and ceremonies, and they played a role in death rituals. While the horse is maintained in contemporary culture, archaeological traces document the historical role of the horse in rock art, horse bones, landscape use, and artifacts.

Other venues for this talk:

Patagonia Museum’s Annual Meeting, Saturday, January 27, Patagonia Arizona.

Ed Robson Library, March 7, 10:30 AM, Sun Lakes, Arizona.

The Earliest Apache in Arizona: Evidence and Arguments, March 7, 6:30, Pueblo Grande Museum

Recent research provides evidence of ancestral Apaches in the southern Southwest at least as early as the A.D. 1300s. Some of this evidence comes from chronometric dates obtained from a feature type that comparative ethnographic information (including rarely used land claims documents) indicates were used for storage. These features, called platform caches, provide rare and ideal material for accurate dating because they are often covered with grass or leaves. Dates from these features, on Apache pottery, and from roasting pits, all in direct association with Apache material culture of other types (including rock art), provide a continuous sequence of use from at least as early as the A.D. 1300s through the late 1700s. New information about a western route south to this region is combined with other evidence regarding the presence of the earliest ancestral Apache three centuries earlier than many have argued, even in areas where Coronado did not see them.

Other venues for this talk:

Heard Museum, March 17, 1:00PM. Contact: Adult Services Coordinator Phoenix Public Library 602-534-5076

Springerville, March 24th, 1:00-2:00PM. Contact: Susan Seils, Museum Director Springerville Heritage Center & Casa Malpais Archaeological Park 418 East Main Street Springerville, AZ 85938 Phone: (928)333-2656, Ext 230Email: