The 2022 Tularosa Basin Conference is scheduled for June 2nd , 3rd , 4th , and tours on the 5th. The presentation schedule has not been set at this time and tours are still being developed.
Activities will begin on the evening of June 2nd, at 6:00 pm , with a presentation by Deni Seymour, Ph.D. and Jornada Research Institute research associate, on her recent investigations of sites associated with the Coronado Expedition (1540/41) that she has found in southern Arizona. This evening is free and open to the public and will be held in grand ballroom of the convention center. The evening will also feature light fare, a cash bar, and a silent auction with items donated by local artists from Ruidoso, the proceeds to go to support Deni’s research and production of a documentary film on her findings and to help JRI. I cannot say enough about the importance of Deni’s research and her recent discoveries. Please visit with her following her presentation or during the conference to find out how you may be able to help support her ongoing investigations.
On June 3rd and 4th, we will have organized presentations by various scholars who will be presenting on subjects related to the history of the Ruidoso area, archaeological investigationsin and around the Tularosa Basin, rock art, expression and celestial associations, environment and ecological studies, and the Spanish Estrada and Colonial period.
Tours to various sites/locations will be on June 5th. The tours are free of charge but reserved for those who have registered for the conference. Space will be limited, so I suggest that once we announce the various tours, you sign up early.
The registration form for the conference is attached to the bottom of the flier (see attachments). Whether you decide to pay via a check or by using the donate button on our website, we require that you return the registration form so we can get you into the system. (Please follow the instructions for returning the registration form on the flier). To minimize registration/check-in at the conference, we will have your registration packet waiting for you to pick up. You may register according to your membership status (as an individual or family but please include the names of those who will be covered by your registration form. Contact me via email if you have questions regarding your membership status and I will reply with your correct status.
For current members, the registration fee for adults is $25.00. For students and seniors it is $20.00. We will have various discounts offered to JRI members at the conference on such items as our publications, some neat shirts (including Josephina Javalina shirts and long-sleeved SPF field shirts), coffee mugs, and other items. Registration fees help cover the cost of using the Ruidoso Convention Center over three days that we will be using it.
We are also accepting donations for individual and corporate sponsorship. Please contact me for more information about how to help.
We look forward to your support of this conference as we follow our mission statement and “engage the public”.
For further information, contact David Greenwald: firstname.lastname@example.org
SIXTH TULAROSA BASIN CONFERENCE PROGRAM
SCHEDULE OF PRESENTATIONS AND ABSTRACTS
JUNE 2, 3, 4, and 5, 2022
Boone Archaeological Resource Consultants, LLC
Jornada Research Institute
Village of Ruidoso
Tres Amigos Realty
Statistical Research Inc.
Office of Contract Archeology, UNM
Ruidoso Land Surveyors
With Special Thanks to all the Jornada Research Institute Volunteers
THURSDAY, JUNE 2, 2019
5:30 to 9:00 pm – RUIDOSO CONVENTION CENTER DOORS OPEN FOR REGISTRATION and MEET AND GREET THE VARIOUS CONFERENCE SPEAKERS
7:00 pm KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY DR. DENI SEYMOUR Men of Iron, Gods of Thunder and Lightning: Coronado in Arizona.
Dr. Seymour has been conducting investigations in southern Arizona for several years and recently discovered evidence of an early Spanish presence associated with the Francisco Vazquez de Coronado Expedition dating from 1540 that explored what is now Arizona on its journey northward toward Cibola. This armed expedition of an estimated 2000 individuals and thousands of livestock eventually reach Zuni, then the Rio Grande Valley, crossed the Pecos River and searched the Llano Estacado well to the northeast into an area of central Kansas known as Quivira. Dr. Seymour will discuss her recent discoveries, the archaeological remains of Coronado’s initial arrival in what is today southern Arizona.
FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 2022
8:30 am – DOORS OPEN/REGISTRATION/COFFEE
8:50 – WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION TO THE TULAROSA BASIN CONFERENCE by David Greenwald, Conference Chairperson and President of Jornada Research Institute
9:00 – Session 1: Historic Ruidoso and Nearby Areas, Apaches of Seco Canyon, and Spanish Colonial Settlement: Timothy Roberts, Village of Ruidoso and Wingfield House Heritage Center, Session Chairperson
9:00 – 9:30 Creating a Legacy: The Development of and Establishment of the Wingfield House Heritage Museum by Tim Roberts, Village of Ruidoso – Wingfield House Heritage Center
Abstract: In 2021, the Village of Ruidoso acquired the former Wingfield Residence located at 2811 Sudderth Drive in midtown Ruidoso. The purpose for the acquisition was to preserve one of the few remaining historic buildings within the village limits and open a museum dedicated to the history of Ruidoso. Scheduled to open in the fall of 2022, the Wingfield House Heritage Center will serve not only as a museum but also as a focal point for heritage interpretation and programming. This discussion will highlight the work already completed on planning this project, specifically the processes and best practices related to establishing a museum from the ground floor, including the creation of an operations plan, collections management plan, and design and installation of the first permanent exhibits.
9:30 – 10:00 Back to the Beginning: Captain Paul Dowlin and the Founding of Ruidoso by Frank Potter, Wingfield House Heritage Center and Ruidoso Historian
Abstract: I will touch on events beginning at the Cretaceous-Jurassic period, 65-145 million years ago and the volcanic period. A brief presentation of the first Americans basically covering the Paleoindian period beginning with Clovis man and what transcended into the Archaic period 6,000 B.C. to 500 B.C. Next will be the time line of Ruidoso’s founding father, Paul Dowlin and his involvement in the Santa Fe trail, civil war, Dowlin mill and his untimely death. Finally, Ruidoso’s growth period including the turn of the century, roaring 20’s, 30’s, depression, the New Deal, CCC program, 40’s during and after World War II and future development of the village.
10:00 – 10:30 Archaeological Survey of the Hart Mine Portrays Image of Lives of Miners During the Early 20thCentury by Alexander Kurota and Thatcher Seltzer-Rogers, Office of Contract Archeology, University of New Mexico
Abstract: Recent survey of the Carthage Coal Field in the northern Tularosa Basin revealed evidence for extensive mining operations within the limits of the historic Hart Mine, LA 112971. Located about 8 miles east of the town of San Antonio in Socorro County, the survey revealed detailed information about the lifeways and the hardship mining families had to endure to make a living in the harsh desert environment. This paper portrays a picture of the early 20th century daily lives of coal miners and their families through a variety of documented dugout structures and nearby artifacts. Despite the remote location of the Hart Mine, many of the mining families had access to fancy china as well as canned food and liquor imported from the eastern United States and even Europe. Fragments of ornate pocket watches, ammunition, Fiestaware glass, children’s toys, women’s garments, and simple musical instruments provide robust evidence about how people lived. Archaeological data also indicates that some of the families were of Catholic denomination. Evidence for repurposing metal artifacts and flaking historic glass was also documented.
10:30 – 11:00 Documenting the Cold War in the Tularosa Basin: Historic Context Development and Documentation at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico by William Godby, White Sands Missile Range
Abstract: Archaeological resources in the Tularosa Basin and especially those located on White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) have been well documented over several decades. In contrast, the many world class Cold War-era resources at WSMR have not received equal consideration. This presentation reviews significant progress made by the WSMR Cultural Resources Program in documenting and preserving these exceptional resources. It includes a discussion of the interdisciplinary methodology developed and applied to resources such as launch complexes. This presentation also reviews progress made over the last seven years in developing in-depth historic contexts for use in National Register evaluations, and the efforts being made to share this valuable information available with the public.
11:00 – 11:30 Mid-16th through 19th Century Apache Occupation on Seco Creek, New Mexico by Christopher D. Adams, East Zone Archaeologist, Gila National Forest; Charles M. Haecker, Archaeologist Consultant; Larry Ludwig, Historian (Retired NPS)
Abstract: Archaeological investigations of Apache sites on the upper and mid-sections of Seco Creek, located in southwestern New Mexico was initiated in 2010. The project area includes portions of Ted Turner’s Ladder Ranch property and on the Gila National Forest, Black Range Ranger District. To date, metal detection surveys have identified seven Apache sites that together span the mid-16th to mid-19th century. Recovered artifacts are reflective of the Coronado Entrada, Spanish Colonial and Territorial periods. This presentation will present an overview of these unique Apache sites and artifacts thereby providing a glimpse of the first Apache protohistoric period acquisition of metal items in the archaeological record in southwestern New Mexico.
11:30 – 12:00 The Spanish Colonial Occupation of Tijeras Canyon by Paul R. Secord, University of New Mexico and Friends of Tijeras Pueblo
Abstract: This presentation is derived from the recent publication The Archaeology and History of Tijeras Canyon, authored and edited by Secord, with contributions by Hayward H. Franklin, Frances Léon (Swadesh) Quintana, and Lucy Schuyler, prepared under the auspices of the Friends of Tijeras Pueblo. Permanent uninterrupted Spanish/Hispanic, more accurately Genízaro, occupation of Tijeras Canyon occurs late in New Mexico’s Colonial history. An established European community does not occur until 1819, following the short-lived plaza settlement of San Miguel de Laredo (1763-1770), the initial settlement within ElCanon de Carnue land grant. This presentation will focus on the archaeology of Tijeras canyon from the late 16th century through the 19th century. It will include an overview of material from Coconito Pueblo (LA 10794), the Silva Dance Hall / Carnuel complex of sites, and most importantly San Antonio (LA 24). We will also look at the “elephant in the room,” the controversial Rancho de Carnue / Singing Arrow Site (LA 12315), along with the often confusing nomenclature associated with the word Carnue.
——LUNCH: 12:00 – 2:00 PM———————————————-
Session 2: Imagery, Expressionism, and Symbolism: Ron Barber, Stone Calendar Project and Jornada Research Institute, Session Chairperson
2:00 – 2:30 Chasing the Plumed Serpents of the Southwest by Ron Barber, Stone Calendar Project Founder
Abstract: The Stone Calendar Project has been studying rock art sites throughout the Southwest and northern Mexico identifying glyphs that record specific times of the year using unique sun light and shadow interactions. We encounter a wide range of glyph images at all of the sites, helping us to identify the cultural origin of the rock art. The plumed and/or horned serpent is found at many sites, up and down the Rio Grande corridor, south into Mexico, and into the Four Corners region of Utah and Arizona. In some locations the crested serpents appear to have horns, whereas in others they have a combination of both horns and plumes. In some cases the crest is unclear. The plumed or horned serpent appearance in the southwest has widely been attributed to infusion of the Mesoamerican plumed serpent ideology such as Quetzalcoatl, from the highlands of Mexico. This, however, is challenged by horned serpent imagery, which appears very early in the Southwest, particularly in Utah Basketmaker and Barrier Canyon Style sites, which likely had an early influence on the ancestral puebloan cultures. The early horned serpent ideology may have fused together with the plumed serpent to form the combined horned and plumed serpent imagery seen at discrete locations in the southwest. This presentation will summarize the crested serpent rock art locations, regional styles, temporal sequence, and compare them to other mural and ceramic images.
2:30 – 3:00 When Lightning Strikes Twice: Correlating Lightning Strikes and Rock Art Imagery by John Pitts, Research Associate, New Mexico Museum of Indian Art and Culture
Abstract: Lightning strikes are one of the most visual elements found in nature, and it is not surprising that Native Americans have been captivated for eons by the power of lightning. Evidence of that is seen in the frequent depictions of lightning in rock art images. I have studied the phenomenon of lightning bolt tracks on rock/cliff surfaces, called “rock fulgurites,’ for years. My research has raised a number of questions pertaining to the frequency of those strikes, the dating of them and the possible connection to the associated rock art. Little has been established scientifically in relation to lightning bolt strikes on rock surfaces, leaving the field wide open. The presentation will focus on specific theories concerning the relationship between the rock fulgurites and rock art imagery portraying nature and human survival throughout the American Southwest.
3:00 – 3:30 Pecked in Stone: Birds and Waterways of the Prehistoric Southwest by Carol Chamberland, Artist, BLM Rock Art Recording Volunteer, and Independent Researcher
Abstract: This presentation focuses on two common elements found in rock art sites across the Southwest: bird imagery and the proximity of a water source. This brief overview will sample sites ranging from Petrified Forest in northeastern Arizona to Three Rivers in southeastern New Mexico, with stops along the Rio Puerco, Rio Grande, and Little Colorado Rivers. Although we cannot be certain of the ancient artist’s intentions, we can enjoy the stylistic avian migration and speculate on their possible meanings.
3:30 – 4:00 The Fragrance of Love: A “Flower World” presence at Three Rivers Petroglyph Site by Joan E. Price, Jornada Research Institute
Abstract: Linguist Jane Hill is credited with bringing professional attention to the archaic songs of Puebloan peoples that feature a “Flower World” of ritual and public songs, material media and an underlying cultural foundation of color, plants, clouds, pollinators, balance and harmony. During the same time period, a focus on the widespread Mesoamerican culture creators of antiquity, the Warrior Twins, has also received published attention. I discuss a unique blend of flower world imagery and the Twin Warriors (Hero Twins) seen Three Rivers Petroglyph Site. This presentation supports a Hopi cultural advisor oral history of a large sunflower petroglyph, Spider Woman and her Twin Warrior Sons, recorded at Three Rivers in 2005.
4:00 – 4:30 The Rock Art of Water Canyon by Lay Powell, Jornada Research Institute
Abstract: The lava dike at Water Canyon has been used as a rock art repository for thousands of years to convey ideas and messages left by several cultures. This previously undocumented site near Carrizozo overlooks a drainage at the base of Nogal Peak a few miles upstream of a late Jornada Pueblo, near a spring that undoubtedly served as a dependable source of water for occupants and visitors of this area. A wide variety of rock art images were produced over many millennia beginning in the Desert Archaic period, followed by the early and late Jornada Mogollon, and eventually included Apache and historic inscriptions. The site includes many large panels, one being up to 15-feet high and 30-feet wide with superimposed images of Archaic abstract, overlaid with early Jornada elements, then terminating with classic Jornada style imagery. The site also includes some unique features that might function as numeric calendars, others as solar markers, and unexplained areas of intentional rock chipping at strategic areas that appear to have been intentionally chipped along cracks and the edges of many panels. This presentation serves as the initial known documentation efforts of this site.
4:30 – 5:00 The Rediscovery of Papaipema dribi Barnes & Benjamin, 1926 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) after 95 Years and Notes on the First Illustration of a Moth from New Mexico by Eric H. Metzler, Ph. D., National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian
Abstract: The description in 1926 of Papaipema dribi (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was based on a single male specimen collected in August at High Rolls, Otero County, New Mexico. In the early 1980s, another male, not part of the original description, was located among some unidentified specimens in the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian). The latter specimen had an old crumbling, nearly illegible label with the data “Bent, N.M.” After almost 15 years of searching, an extant and sizeable population of P. dribi was located along Tularosa Creek just upstream from Bent NM. As an added bonus to the exciting discovery of P. dribi, the petroglyph of a moth recently discovered on the western flank of the Sacramento Mountains contains enough detail to be identified as a species of the moth genus Automeris (Saturniidae) and is briefly discussed.
SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 2022
8:30 am – DOORS OPEN/REGISTRATION/COFFEE/PASTRIES
8:50 – WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION TO THE TULAROSA BASIN CONFERENCE by David Greenwald, Conference Chairperson and President of Jornada Research Institute
Session 3: Earth Science and Ecology – Lost Bones, Trackways, Caches, Caves and Shrines, Paleo Lake Otero, and Early Maize: David Rachal, Ph.D., Tiera Vieja Consulting, Session Chairperson
9:00 – 9:30 Lost bones: In search of Wesley Hurt’s Mammoth, Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument’s Quarai Unit, central New Mexico by David M. Rachal, Ph.D., Tierra Vieja Consulting and Jornada Research Institute, and Ronald C. D. Fields, National Park Service, Arkansas Post National Memorial
Abstract: In 1939, road construction that took place in the Quarai Unit of Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument in central New Mexico unearthed an Ice Age megafauna skeleton (herein referred to as “the Hurt Mammoth”). Photographs taken at the time show skeletal remains belonging to a proboscidean, possibly a mammoth. Archaeologist Wesley Hurt removed several of these bones from the road cut and eventually stored them. Since then, however, a statewide search of museum collections has failed to locate the bones removed during Hurt’s excavation. In addition, the exact location of the purported mammoth remains in the field is no longer known, but has remained of interest. Using historic landscape photographs and field notes from Hurt’s private collection, it has been possible to determine the approximate location of Hurt’s mammoth discovery. However, it remained unclear if the remaining road-cut stratigraphy contained any additional bones that may have been left behind after the original 1939–1940 excavation. So, a testing project was conducted to determine whether additional skeletal remains of the Hurt Mammoth were still present in the road cut. Although no mammoth bones were recovered during the project, findings from the associated analyses can now make a compelling argument for the approximate stratigraphic provenance and terminal Pleistocene age (22,930–12,560 calibrated years before present) for the lost proboscidean bones.
9:30 – 10:00 A Race Against Time: Working to Preserve Traces of Fossil Trackways within White Sands National Park (21,000-23,000-Year-Old Human and Mega-Fauna Footprints) by David Bustos, Resource Programs Manager, White Sands National Park
Abstract: White Sands National Park has one of the largest concentrations of late Pleistocene megafauna and human fossil trackways in the Americas. Unfortunately, the fossil prints, that range in age from 23,000 to 21, 000 years before present, are rapidly being lost. The focus of this presentation is on the diversity of prints that have been found and what is being done to preserve and monitor the rates of erosion.
10:00 – 10:30 Paleolithic Caches from the Blackwater Draw Site by JoAnna Schultz, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales
Abstract: The discovery of lithic caches at Blackwater Draw and other Paleolithic sites begs consideration of numerous possible strategies employed by Clovis hunters and foragers. Such caches of tools, preforms, and lithic raw materials clearly are indicative of anticipated returns to specific localities as part of subsistence-pattern strategies and preparedness. Locations such as Blackwater Draw were frequented by megafauna, which drew Clovis groups who sought opportunities for successful hunts. Focused mainly on the caches from the Blackwater Draw site, this paper examines the composition of and evaluates possible strategies associated with caching lithic materials and tools, considering preparedness in relation to potential migration patterns of megafauna.
10:30-11:00 Torgac’s: A Possible Cave-Related Prehistoric Shrine Complex by Mike Bilbo and Andrew Wright, Jornada Research Institute
Abstract: Located on the vast Sacramento karst plain north of the Capitan Mountains, east-central New Mexico, Torgac’s Cave has a number of U-shaped rock structures on the north and south sides of a broad, flat cave entrance. Near those on the south is a double, or perhaps triple, circular structure and a possible archaeoastronomical-related stone alignment. Those on the north slope are observed to be in three tiers, and also with a possible archaeoastronomical- related stone alignment. Many of the curved-sides of these structures point toward the cave entrance. Torgac’s is known in the caving world for its magnificent gypsum stalactites. It is gated to protect the stalactites and hibernating bat species. Several years previous, Scott Nicolay and team explored the cave interior for aspects of ritual use, with apparently no positive results; the surface structures remain the most tangible evidence for possible shrine function. Regional documented dark-zone shrine caves are Feather and Surratt’s.
11:00 – 11:30 Gypsum Overlook: A Structural Early Archaic Site on the Eastern Shore of Paleo Lake Otero by Mathew Cuba, AmaTerra Environmental, Inc., and Joel Butler, Westwood Professional Services, Inc.
Abstract: Most Early Archaic sites in the Tularosa Basin are typically eroded, deflated, scattered, overprinted by later occupations, and/or have a limited artifact assemblage. Thus, little is known about the regional subsistence strategies and settlement patterns of the period. This presentation describes the surface assemblage and initial findings at the Gypsum Overlook Site (LA199959), a single component Early Archaic site located atop a well-defined 1.5-meter terrace along the eastern shoreline of Paleo Lake Otero on White Sands Missile Range. Eight features and more than 250 surface artifacts have been documented. The lithic tool assemblage includes numerous manos and slab metates, untyped transitional lanceolate projectile points, tabular slate knives, scraper planes, and cobble tools. Three of the eight features are well-preserved remnants of shallow burned house pits with the remainder being thermal features. Six charcoal-based radiocarbon samples firmly date the site to 7940 +/- 12 RCYBP, making Gypsum Overlook one of the first Early Archaic sites in the region retaining datable deposits and intact features.
11:30 – 12:00 Preliminary Findings at Deeply Buried Site LA 112766 by Toni Goar, TRC Companies
Abstract: In the Permian Basin, 4.2 miles east of the Pecos River, is Site LA 112766, located in a dunal environment. As part of a project for a confidential client TRC completed excavations on a portion of this site. These excavations revealed over 7 feet of sand overburden. Preliminary findings indicate that the site was occupied multiple times between the Middle Archaic and Formative periods. The artifact assemblage favored ground stone, but also included lithic tools, a few sherds, and minimal faunal remains. Corn starch was recovered in hearth features, including one that dated to the Middle Archaic. This presentation will discuss the findings and present initial interpretations for this site.
——LUNCH: 12:00 – 2:00 PM———————————————-
Session 4: Methods, Analytical Results, and Recent Field Studies across the Expansive Jornada Mogollon Region: Alexander Kurota, Office of Contract Archaeology, University of New Mexico, Session Chairperson
2:00 – 2:30 Remotely Sensing with Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Supporting Archaeology and Preserving Cultural Heritage by Nickolas D. “Dan” Macchiarella, Ph.D., and Kevin A. Adkins, Ph.D., Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL
Abstract: Researchers are using small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), also known as drones, to remotely sense historical locations. These flights bring new aerial perspectives and unparalleled levels of detail. UAS-borne sensors enable the rapid creation of orthomosaic images and digital elevation models (DEM). Principal sensors are red, green, and blue (RGB) cameras that collect images in the visible light range and LiDAR. UAS-borne cameras can readily achieve ground sampling distances far exceeding other means. LiDAR can scan areas of interest for micro-elevation changes. At Tularosa Canyon, at a site known as the Creekside Village, UAS imaged kivas and possible irrigation features during 2021 to determine the location nature of manmade structures. Images were processed with Pix4Dmapper. LiDAR was processed using Blue Marble Global Mapper. Several interesting features were identified and will be reimaged more intensely during 2022.
2:30 – 3:00 Temporal Division of El Paso Polychrome: Introducing New Ceramic Subtypes by Thatcher Seltzer-Rogers and Alexander Kurota, Office of Contract Archeology, University of New Mexico, and Lora Jackson Legare, Four Corners Research, Inc.
Abstract: This paper presents results from a recent study documenting the diversity of El Paso Polychrome painted designs in association with vessel forms. We documented over 130 partial-to-complete vessels curated in museum collections or available in professional publications and on various web sources. Our relatively modest dataset indicates that the production of certain painted design styles occurred earlier than others. Using our carefully selected dataset of over 40 chronometric dates, we identified four temporally sensitive El Paso Polychrome subtypes allowing an additional means to date southern Jornada Mogollon archaeological sites. Our study also revealed that El Paso Polychrome painted designs represent a surprising complex style that is relatively distinctive in the Southwest/Northwest.
3:00 – 3:30 Frogs in the Desert: Stone Effigies of the Jornada Mogollon by William Dunsmore and Alexander Kurota, Office of Contract Archeology, University of New Mexico
Abstract: Until recently, stone effigies have not been found in heavy association with the material culture of the Jornada Mogollon. However, several stone frog effigies have been found at recent archaeological projects on White Sands Missile Range and at Fort Bliss. An increasing number of these effigies have been frogs or toads, however a peculiar insect effigy, either representing a pupa or locust, has also been discovered. Similar effigies and symbols have been well documented throughout neighboring regions in the American Southwest, often being associated with ritual and ceremonial contexts. The Jornada Mogollon effigies almost exclusively date to the El Paso phase, and many of them also appear to be ritual or ceremonial items. They are likely linked to water and, perhaps, to the metamorphosis of the body and the spirit. This paper will examine frog effigies found in neighboring regions as well as those found in the Jornada Mogollon to provide possible interpretations of their use and meaning.
3:30 – 4:00 Grider Ranch Archaeological Survey: A Small Sampling of the Northern Tularosa Basin by Mark Sechrist, Full Circle Heritage Services
Abstract: Taylor Canyon is located on the southern portion of Chupadera Mesa. In its lower reach, it is more of a broad-channeled draw or faint swale where it courses into the northern Tularosa Basin between the Sierra Oscura, the Transmalpais Hills and the Carrizozo lava flows. Within our study area, 1.7 percent had been inspected by previous surveys, with only four sites previously recorded. Parts of adjacent areas have been subjected to more extensive surveys that indicate Ceramic-period affinities to western Jornada, highlands Jornada, Rio Abajo, and Salinas cultures. We surveyed nearly 21 km of linear corridors for the Socorro Bureau of Land Management within the Taylor Canyon valley and parts of the Transmalpais Hills, increasing the surveyed space ratio to 2.2 percent. In all, 13 sites were documented, nine of which represent Native American occupations. Projectile point and brownware pottery types on several sites suggest occupations might span from the Late Archaic through Early Ceramic periods (ca. 2050 B.C. – A.D. 1000). Materials and practices indicated by this small set of sites are consistent with those outlined for the western Jornada Mogollon culture. Considered within the broader sets of adjacent geographic and cultural contexts, they are also congruous with a dual-economy or adaptive-diversity model of foraging and agricultural pursuits operating situationally and simultaneously within overlapping ranges.
4:00 – 4:30 LA 38326: An Unusual Settlement Along the Pecos River by Jim Railey, Ph.D., SWCA
Abstract: LA 38326 encompasses what was apparently a sustained settlement on a high bluff edge overlooking the Pecos River Valley in the Carlsbad area of southeastern New Mexico. The site was first recorded in the 1980s during investigations for the Brantley Reservoir, and recently SWCA and Lone Mountain Archaeological Services conducted work here as part of a project under the BLM’s Permian Basin Mitigation Program. The remains of this settlement include several stacked-stone features, both rings and cairns, along with an associated sheet midden of dark, ashy soil and high artifact density. The stone rings may mark individual wickiups, and the cairns are perhaps shrines and/or burial features. Numerous bedrock mortars are also present at the site. Diagnostic artifacts suggest the settlement was occupied during the Maljamar phase (A.D. 1100-1300), and radiocarbon dates partially support this affiliation. This is an unusual site for the Carlsbad region, and in some ways similar to sites of the Cielo Complex, far to the south in the Big Bend area of Texas and adjacent northeastern Chihuahua and northwestern Coahuila to the south.
4:30 – 5:00 Tularosa Canyon Great Kivas: Function, Symbolism and Implications by David H. Greenwald, Jornada Research Institute
Abstract: This paper discusses the spatial distribution and morphology of great kivas that occur in Tularosa Canyon. It also briefly examines their inter- and intra-site associations. At least three exhibit orientations related to horizon landforms and celestial events, which will be briefly addressed. The presence of these great kivas requires that their roles within the social and political organization of settlements in Tularosa Canyon are evaluated. Because these are the first and only Mesilla Phase great kivas identified in the Tularosa Basin, it is necessary to consider how sites in Tularosa Canyon compare with great kiva sites and other forms of public architecture in other regions of the Southwest. For this reason, social and political organization, ritual and governance activities, and economic strategies of the Jornada Mogollon are considered with regard to the complexity of the Jornada Mogollon during the Mesilla Phase as represented in Tularosa Canyon.
SUNDAY, JUNE 5, 2022
BILLY THE KID’S LINCOLN: Timothy Roberts
CREEKSIDE VILLAGE: David Greenwald
THREE RIVERS PETROGLYPHS: Joan Price
WATER CANYON PETROGLYPH SITE: Lay Powell
COLD WAR ERA FACILITY AND JORNADA MOGOLLON
PUEBLO AT WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE: Bill Godby and Alex Kurota
UPPER RIO BONITO PETROGLYPH SITE AND FORT STANTON: Mike Bilbo
NB: Sign up for the tour that you are interested in participating. Participation is limited only to those who registered for the conference as there will likely be few spaces on the tours than conference attendees.
Additional tour information is available at the Registration Table or ask the tour leader for details
Presents in collaboration with The Village of Ruidoso and Lincoln County Historical Society
2022 Tularosa Basin Conference June 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th
Keynote Speaker on the evening of June 2nd at 6:00 PM
Deni Seymour, Ph.D.
Research Associate with Jornada Research Institute
Men of Iron, Gods of Thunder and Lightning: Coronado in Arizona
Location: Ruidoso Convention Center 111 Sierra Blanca Drive, Ruidoso NM 88345
Pre-registration is Required (see attached form)
(Dr. Seymour holding a wall gun from the 1540-41 Coronado Expedition)
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